الأفلام والسينما

الأفلام والسينما

 

مهارة قراءة انجليزي مهمة جدا لتحسين مستوى لغتك. وجزء من تحضيرك لامتحان التوفل والآيلتس يتطلب منك التدرب الجيد على القراءه للإجابة بالشكل الصحيح على الأسئلة المتعلقة بنص قراءة انجليزي..  سوف نتحدث اليوم في نص قراءة اللغة الانجليزية التالي عن تاريخ صناعة الأفلام  والسينما…  كيف بدأت وكيف تطورت.. عن الأخوين لومير وتجربة القطار المتحرك الأولى التي أرعبت الحضور ومنهم من ولّى هاربًا وعندها ولدت السينما… اقرأ النص بشكل جيّد قبل الإجابة على الأسئلة

 

 

Reading نص قراءة انجليزي

 

Movies & Cinema الأفلام والسينما

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage below.

A The Lumière Brothers opened their Cinematographe, at 14 Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, to 100 paying customers over 100 years ago, on December 8, 1985. Before the eyes of the stunned, thrilled audience, photographs came to life and moved across a flat screen.

B So ordinary and routine has this become to us that it takes a determined leap of imagination to grasp the impact of those first moving images. But it is worth trying, for to understand the initial shock of those images is to understand the extraordinary power and magic of cinema, the unique, hypnotic quality that has made films the most dynamic, effective art form of the 20th century.

C One of the Lumière Brothers’ earliest films was a 30-second piece which showed a section of a railway platform flooded with sunshine. A train appears and heads straight for the camera. And that is all that happens. Yet the Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky, one of the greatest of all film artists, described the film as a ‘work of genius’. ‘As the train approached,’ wrote Tarkovsky, ’panic started in the theatre: people jumped and ran away. That was the moment when cinema was born. The frightened audience could not accept that they were watching a mere picture. Pictures were still, only reality moved; this must, therefore, be the reality. In their confusion, they feared that a real train was about to crush them.’

D Early cinema audiences often experienced the same confusion. In time, the idea of films became familiar, the magic was accepted- but it never stopped being magic. The film has never lost its unique power to embrace its audience and transport them to a different world. For Tarkovsky, the key to that magic dynamic image of the real flow of events. A still picture could only imply the existence of time, while time in a novel passed at the whim of the reader. But in cinema, the real, objective flow of time was captured.

E One effect of this realism was to educate the world about itself. For cinema makes the world smaller. Long before people traveled to America or anywhere else, they knew what other places looked like; they knew how other people worked and lived. Overwhelmingly, the lives recorded at least in film fiction- have been American. From the earliest days of the industry, Hollywood has dominated the world film market. American imagery-the cars, the cities, the cowboys became the primary imagery of the film. The film carried American life and values around the globe.

F And, thanks to the film, future generations will know the 20-th century more intimately than any other period. We can only imagine what life was like in the 14th century or in classical Rome. But the life of the modern world has been recorded on film in massive encyclopedic detail. We shall be known better than any preceding generations.

G The ‘star’ was another natural consequence of cinema. The cinema star was effectively born in 1910. Film personalities have such an immediate presence that inevitably, they become super-real. Because we watch them so closely and because everybody in the world seems to know who they are, they appear more real to us than we do ourselves. The star as magnified human self is one of cinema’s most strange and enduring legacies.

H Cinema has also given a new lease of life to the idea of the story. When the Lumiere Brothers and other pioneers began showing off this new invention, it was by no means obvious how it would be used. All that mattered at first was the wonder of movement. Indeed, some said that, once this novelty had worn off, cinema would fade away. It was no more than a passing gimmick, a fairground attraction.

I Cinema might, for example, have become primarily a documentary form. Or it might have developed like television -as a strange noisy transfer of music, information, and narrative. But what happened was that it became, overwhelmingly, a medium for telling stories. Originally these were conceived as short stories- early producers doubted the ability of audiences to concentrate for more than the length of a reel. Then, in 1912, an Italian 2-hour film was hugely successful, and Hollywood settled upon the novel-length narrative that remains the dominant cinematic convention of today.

J And it has all happened so quickly. Almost unbelievably, it is a mere 100 years since that train arrived and the audience screamed and fled, convinced by the dangerous reality of what they saw, and, perhaps, suddenly aware that the world could never be the same again -that, maybe, it could be better, brighter, more astonishing, more real than reality.

Resource: https://www.ielts-mentor.com/reading-sample/academic-reading/

 

 

الأسئلة حول نص قراءة انجليزي

بعد الاطلاع على النص قراءة انجليزي حول صناعة الأفلام والسينما.. قم بالإجابة على الأسئلة   

 

Welcome to your "Movies & Cinema" Reading Test

Questions 1-5

Which paragraph contains the following information?


Write the correct letter, A-J. in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

1.  The location of the first cinema 
2.  How cinema came to focus on stories 
3.  The speed with which cinema has changed 
4.  How cinema teaches us about other cultures 
5.  The attraction of actors in films 
 

 

Questions 6-9

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 148?

In boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet, write:
YES  if the statement agrees with the views of the writer
NO  if the statement contradicts the views of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

6. It is important to understand how the first audiences reacted to the cinema. 
7. The Lumiere Brothers' film about the train was one of the greatest films ever made. 
8. Cinema presents a biased view of other countries. 
9. Storylines were important in very early cinema.  
 

10. The writer refers to the film of the train in order to demonstrate:
 

11. In Tarkovsky's opinion, the attraction of the cinema is that it:
 

12. When cinema first began, people thought that:
 

13. What is the best title for this passage?

 

 

وفي النهاية

يلزمك من أجل أن تكون متحدثًا جيدًا أن تكون قارئا جيدًا . في مجموعة اختبارات نصقراءة انجليزي في المبتدئ والمتوسط والمتقدم.. نحاول نقلك من مستوى إلى مستوى للوصول إلى الاحتراف.. التدريب اليومي بزيادة حصيلتك اللغوية والتدرب على القواعد الانجليزية الهامة التي شرحناها هنا في موقع عرب أون.. سوف تصل إلى غايتك خطوة بخطوة بالطريق الصحيح

مع عرب أون.. اصنع مستقبلك أون لاين

لا تتردد في كتابة أسئلتك واستفساراتك لنجيب عليه

 

 


…المزيد من تدريبات قراءة انجليزي

 

القراءة | المستوى المبتدئ | الأب الغني والأب الفقير

القراءة | المستوى المبتدئ | الأب الغني والأب الفقي

القراءة | المستوى المبتدئ | تناول الدواء في الانجليزية

القراءة | المستوى المبتدئ | تناول الدواء في الانجليزية

القراءة | المستوى المتوسط | تدوير الورق

القراءة | المستوى المتوسط | تدوير الورق

القراءة | المستوى المتوسط | جولة سياحية

القراءة | المستوى المتوسط | جولة سياحية

القراءة | المستوى المتقدم | خسارة الوزن

القراءة | المستوى المتقدم | خسارة الوزن

اشترك في القائمة البريدية

واحصل على نموذج امتحان الآيليتس مجانا



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